Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 3rd International Conference on Depression, Anxiety and Stress Management London, UK.

Day 2 :

Keynote Forum

Denny Meyer

Swinburne University of Technology, Australia

Keynote: Evaluation of a program to reduce stress in the workplace using mixed methods
OMICS International Stress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Denny Meyer photo
Biography:

Denny Meyer is a Professor in the School of Health Sciences at the Swinburne University of Technology. She is an Applied Statistician specialized in the area of Mental Health Research. Her areas of particular interest include suicide ideation, vision loss, stress and the analysis of data collected using online systems with high attrition rates. She has published more than 100 papers in reputed journals and has worked with research teams on numerous research grants and tenders.

Abstract:

Stress has been associated with poorer sleep quality, higher fatigue and lower productivity, providing employers with  anincentive to provide their employees with programs that build a more resilient workforce. This study provides an evaluation of such a program using mixed methods. The program is called the Global Challenge and is owned by a commercial company called Virgin Pulse. Qualitative and quantitative survey data was collected concurrently, with validation provided by baseline and post-program performance measures for stress, sleep quality and productivity. The large sample size (more than 18000 responses) allowed the use of text mining to provide context for when the program resulted in a recommendation to a friend and what participants would miss most about the program. It also allowed the use of conventional generalized linear models and more modern machine learning methods to identify the other factors, such as demographic characteristics and the program features most used and influenced the success of the program. The results provide an understanding of how and why this program can be successful, isolating the drivers for and detractors from success. Particular strengths of the analysis include the use of a mixed methods design, the triangulation of results using baseline and post-program measures to supplement survey responses, the use of sophisticated text mining (parsing, filtering and clustering) approaches, and the integration of the quantitative and qualitative components of the study using machine learning (decision trees, random forests and gradient boosting) approaches. The results will inform future developments of this and other programs designed to build resilience for handling stress.

OMICS International Stress 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Angela Neal-Barnett photo
Biography:

Angela Neal-Barnett is a Director at Program for Research on Anxiety Disorders among African Americans, Department of Psychology, Kent State University. She has completed her PhD from DePaul University (1988). She has research interest in anxiety disorders among African Americans. Her research focuses on children's fears, violence and children's anxiety and panic disorders among African Americans. She is also interested in skin color issues and African American women's physical and emotional health.

Abstract:

Introduction: Research has found that among American adolescents, Black girls are at highest risk for anxiety. Cultural risk factors associated with anxiety in this population include skin color, racial identity, racism and the acting White accusation. Sexism appears to exacerbate these variables as gender issues interact with race. Black adolescent girls incur more daily hassles or small day-to-day problems than their female peers. These hassles are associated with increased anxiety. In addition, black girls’ acceptance of multiple roles during adolescence is also associated with heightened anxiety.
 
Aim: In this presentation, the author will discuss the data on the levels of anxiety and perceived stress in a sample of American inner-city 7th and 8th grade Black girls. Results indicated that anxiety within this sample is higher than the expected norms and perceived stress is at a moderate level. Implications of the results for development and implementation of a culturally-infused intervention will be discussed.
 
Method: Participants were 86 Black/biracial seventh and eighth grade adolescent females between the ages of 12-15 enrolled in Sisters United Now, a stress and anxiety intervention program. Participants attended one of two middle schools located in a large mid-western, low-income, urban school district. All students within the district receive free breakfast and lunch. The study was approved by Kent State’s University IRB. Participants completed a variety of measures related to stress and anxiety: “The Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children” 2nd edition (MASC-2); the perceived stress scale (PSS), and the stress test. The stress test was developed specifically for the purposes of this study.
 
Results: Descriptive statistics of MASC-2 anxiety total T-score indicated the group had above average anxiety (M=58.3 σ=10.78). In the distribution of MASC-2 classifications (range very low to very high) nearly all participants (96.3%) were classified as average to very high anxiety, and nearly half of participants (48.1%) were classified as having elevated anxiety. Descriptive statistics of the PSS indicated participants had a moderate stress level (M=22 σ=7.15). A moderate positive correlation was found between PSS and MASC- 2 total T-score (r=0.237, p=0.034). The stress test indicated that participants’ top stressor was academics (N=41), family ((N=19) and relationships (N=15).
 
Discussion: Similar to existing research, the Black girls in this study reported elevated scores of anxiety. These findings indicate that participants are experiencing greater levels of stress and anxiety compared to their peers. Interestingly perceived stress and anxiety were moderately related possibly suggesting that these two factors are working independently in this sample. The findings highlight the importance for researchers to develop interventions to target this specific population. The purpose of such interventions should be to help these girls develop resiliency and strategies to cope and deal with stress and anxiety.