Dr. Soumya Sachdeva has completed her MBBS (Bachelors of Medicine and Surgery) at the age of 24 years from Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India . She is very passionate about medical research and has 5 publication in Pubmed and 2 others in peer reviewed journals. She also is the editor board of Journal of Young Medical Researchers, wikidoc.org and is also the Ambassdor for International Journal of Medical Students (IJMS).
CONTEXT: Anxiety among the medical students is a common behavioral issue which affects the lifestyle and academic performance .It includes a cognitive malfunction, perceptual symptoms and affective symptoms. The other behavioral problems which frequently affect this group is insomnia, which is a complaint of inadequate sleep. AIMS: To study the prevalence of anxiety and insomnia among the medical students in a tertiary care hospital of Delhi. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Cross sectional study. METHODS AND MATERIAL: A prestructured questionnaire based study, for a span of 1 month. The study population included the students studying in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd professionals Part I and II. Hamilton anxiety scale and Athens insomnia scale was used to collect the data. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The questionnaire included questions on socio demographic profile namely age, sex, professional year and residence. Hamilton Anxiety Scale and Athens insomnia scale was used for insomnia. Data analysis was done using SPSS ver 16. RESULTS: A total of 188 study subjects were included in the study. The overall prevalence of anxiety and insomnia was found to be 28.72% (54/188) and 30.3% (57/188) respectively. It was found that prevalence of anxiety was more in females however prevalence of insomnia was more in males. Prevalence of anxiety was found to be highest in students of 3rd professional part II which was found to be statistically significant. Prevalence of insomnia was highest in students studying in 3rd professional part II which was found to be statistically significant. It was found that the hostellers had a higher prevalence of anxiety viz 40.69 %(35/54), as compared to 18.62% (19/102) in non- hostellers and this was found to be statistically significant. Similarly insomnia in hostellers was found to be more 40.69 % ( 34/86) as compared to non-hostellers 22.5%(23/102) which was found to be statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety and insomnia among the medical students should be recognized and attempts should be made to alleviate them.
Paul Ling has completed his Bachelor (Honor’s) degree at the age of 25 years from Australian College of Applied Psychology. He is recently working as a research assistant in the Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong.
Physical exercise is helpful in treatment of mental disorders. Many researches have addressed what effects can exercise generate to psychological health, yet no researches have compared the efficacies of different types of exercises. Consequently, this study compared how different types of exercises, including aerobic, anaerobic and combined exercises independently affect psychological health. In this study, 184 participants were recruited to fill in a questionnaire via an online survey platform (www.qualtrics.com). Generally, participants were asked to report their exercise habit (Aerobic, anaerobic, combined and none) and their psychological health was assessed by DASS-21 and GHQ-12. The data is analyzed by SPSS 21 and ANOVA was used. Chi square analysis was also conducted to measure the relationship among characteristics of exercise including frequency, intensity and enjoyment of exercise. According to the results, no significant difference between groups was found in the scores in DASS-21. However, the three exercise groups revealed significantly better psychological health than the sedentary group in the GHQ-21 (p = .045). In addition, the relationship between intensity and enjoyment of exercise was approaching significance (p = .10). The current findings were not totally consistent to the existing literature. Limitation in the study design was discussed to explain the disparity between the recent study and the existing literature. Lastly, the main conclusion of this study was that exercise is generally beneficial in the psychological aspect; nonetheless the combined exercise may be a more time efficient and sustainable alternative.