Day 2 :
University of Delhi, India
Indradeep kaur worked in The University of Delhi is the premier university of the country and is known for its high standards in teaching and research and attracts eminent scholars to its faculty. She was worked on Stress management through chanting mantra, and it is a teaching and residential university by an Act of the then Central Legislative Assembly. The President of India is the Visitor, the Vice President is the Chancellor and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India is the Pro-Chancellor of the University.
FOCUS: The workshop will focus on defining broad categories of stress, the health hazards related to stressful life style and various ways to fight stress in day- today life. While appreciating several methods such as yoga, music, exercise and others to fight stress, the presentation will lay emphasis on meditation. It will make the participants aware of the age-old art of meditation, as practised by yogis and saints in Indian culture. In ancient scriptures, chanting of mantra has been appreciated for rejuvenation of body, mind and soul. There are many benefits derived out of japa or recitation of mantra which, if imbibed in one’s daily routine, increase the quality of life. The participants will be briefly exposed to Indian rituals based on primary mantra ----AUM. While citing the reason of calling AUM as ‘seed’ mantra, the meaning and pronunciation of AUM, participants will be made familiar with the method of chanting AUM which is tied to a particular breathing pattern. A short video will be played to make the participants ‘tune in’ their systems for the practical session that follows the presentation. The practical: Effort will be made to teach participants to achieve coordination between various points in human body which get energized while chanting AUM. Warming Up: It begins with pranayama Chanting: The participants will be taught to regulate their breathing while chanting the mantra. They will be taught to enter into meditation through chanting and to relax and de-stress. To come out of this meditative state they will perform shava-asana. Open House/Interactive Session: The queries will be taken up based on what all the workshop has offered plus any other method linked with meditation for example use of hasta yoga. The participants would be given feedback forms for up gradation.A significant aspect would be follow-up of the workshop. The participants will be mailed a questionnaire. They are expected to practice Chanting for about a month when they go back home and then fill up the questionnaire. This would enable them to know if they have successfully managed stress. My personal request is that if any arrangement can be made where the heartbeat of the participants can be monitored and the ECG be recorded while they meditate.
- Stress and Health
Bevidst Medicine, Denmark
University of Athens, Greece
Title: Title: Implementation of pilot program for stress management and promotion of health for people experiencing Bereavement. Randamized clinical trails to the general population
Time : 15:30-16:00
Anastasia Giannaki is a Professor of Linguistics Department of Linguistics and the College, University of Chicago, Co-Director of Center for Gesture, Sign and Language, University of Chicago. She is an Associate member of Bilingualism Research Lab. University of Illinois at Chicago. She has been the Visiting professor, Institut Jean Nicod, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris, France. Research interest is on Variation in meaning and variation across languages, Processing of semantics and pragmatics, Sign languages, home sign, Bilingualism, Greek syntax-semantics
Purpose: This randomized trial involves the implementation of an individual stress reduce program to bereaved individuals. The goal was the study of the impact of an 8 session program (Healthy Lifestyle, Diaphragmatic/ abdominal Breathing, Progressive Muscle Relaxation, Cognitive Restructuring, Guided Visualization and Emotional Freedom Technique) in the mental health of those individuals and the descriptive epidemiology of their lifestyle. Materials and methods: The randomized sample was divided into two groups; the intervention group (N=30) that implemented stress management scientific techniques, and the control group (N=30) that only had phone contact. The self-reference questionnaires measured stress, perceived stress, anxiety, depression, health locus of control, spirituality, bereavement and the lifestyle of the bereaved individuals. Results: The statistical analysis showed that the stress management program followed by the intervention group managed to substantially change the overall stress, in the health locus of control, stress symptoms, perceived stress, anxiety, depression and bereavement with a particularly high Effect size r >0.7. Conclusion: The stress management program constitutes a comprehensive –from a scientific and research point of view- therapeutic model that should be integrated in bereavement management programs. Any future studies should extend these preliminary results, by using a bigger sample and including biomarkers. and the control group (N=30) that only had phone contact. The self-reference questionnaires measured stress, perceived stress, anxiety, depression, and health locus of control, spirituality, bereavement and the lifestyle of the bereaved individuals. The statistical analysis showed that the stress management program followed by the intervention group managed to substantially change the overall stress, in the health locus of control, stress symptoms, perceived stress, anxiety, depression and bereavement with a particularly high Effect size r>0.7. The stress management program constitutes a comprehensive from a scientific and research point of view- therapeutic model that should be integrated in bereavement management programs. Any future studies should extend these preliminary results, by using a bigger sample and including biomarkers.
University of Athens, Greece
Title: Pythagorean self-awareness for stress management, memory improvement and sense of well-being in mild cognitive impairment: A pilot study
Time : 12:20-12:50
Christina Darviri is a Professor of Prevention and Health Promotion and since 2008, the Scientific Coordinator of the MSc entitle “The Science of Stress and Health Promotion” at the Medical School of the Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece. She lectures on stress related nosology, lifestyle and stress, efficient stress management and the connection between stress and health promotion overall. She has been the principal investigator of many research projects focusing mainly on healthy longevity and how life style impacts stress.
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) may signify the emergence of future neurodegenerative disease and dementia. Early detection of MCI might allow taking preventive measures and delay disease progression. Research on preventive measures for dementia is still in its infancy. As such, the primary aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a newly introduced program on cognitive function of patients with MCI. Samples of 36 patients with MCI were randomized to receive a 8-week intervention vs. usual care. The program called \"Pythagorean Self-awareness for Stress Management, Memory Improvement and Sense of Well-being\" was based on Pythagorean philosophy. This was an individually practiced, mental process (twice per day) which entailed three stages: sequential recall of daily events, primary contemplation on thoughts and emotions related to each event and the critical appraisal of the individual\'s attitude. Measurements of cognitive function, stress, depression, anxiety and self-efficacy were performed using standardized questionnaires. Global cognitive function (Mini-Mental Status Examination test), memory (Five Word test), processing speed (Symbol Digit Modality test) and visuospatial memory (Brief Visuospatial Memory test) significantly improved in the intervention group compared to the control group (p<0.05). The effect sizes were large (effect size r>0.5). Significant improvements were also revealed for depression, stress, anxiety and self-efficacy (p<0.05, effect sizes >0.5). This study suggests that this program could enhance cognition and improve affect and self-efficacy in MCI patients. Future research should be performed to confirm these results and hopefully provide a novel non pharmacologic prevention tool in dementia.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, USA
Time : 12:50-13:20
He started working as a Medical Officer at Mental Health Center, Civil Hospital, and Ahmedabad with the Government of Gujarat. An important part of his duty is to facilitate the optimal functioning of National and State level Health Programs, especially the National Mental Health Program. He had the privilege to be a part of the campaign for eradication of Polio; He served as a monitor to oversee the implementation of the program in my city He has been volunteering for International Association for Human Values since my College years IAHV offers programs to reduce stress and develop leaders so that human values can flourish in people and communities.
Stress is one of the major problems in modern times which we face every second. As a result several ways of coping up with stress are evolved. We here describe the study of effects of one such popular non pharmacological measure, “Yoga” on the mental health of its practitioners. Both, the subjective and physiological parameters were considering while evaluating the impact of Yoga, present effects of non-pharmacological measures on mental health for stress management, more interestingly which is practically available for every one of us and basically, free of cost. Famed under the name “YOGA”, we studied its effect on every systems like cardiovascular system, respiratory system, muscular-skeletal system and there on. We have observed and analyzed the quantitative and qualitative effects on a number of subjects. The effects of Yoga in sports chronic/terminal illness and mental health were checked for. Qualitative Assessment of mental health was done using The General Health Questionnaire GHQ-28 (28-48), Hamilton Anxiety and Depression scales Qualitative effects were assessed on the basis of various physiological parameters. We had recruited 500 people who continuously practiced “YOGA” for 3 months the mental health indicators where co related with various socio-demographic parameters like Work stress, family size, lifestyle, chronic illnesses, reasons for opting “Yoga” Etc. and were tested for any statistically significant associations. To find out the effects of yoga, study subjects were reassessed 3 months after initiation of Yoga using the same tools as in the beginning. We noted positive impact of Yoga in several fields like learning abilities, concentration, improvement of BMI, waist-hip ratios, blood pressure (the prevalence of hypertension has decreased statistically from 7 - 4.8%), a relative decrease in psychiatric morbidity rates (on the basis of GHQ-28, HAM 1, HAM 2 were 32.6%, 26.2% and 56.6% at the beginning of study which decreased to 19.2%, 11.6% and 39.2% respectively), the improvement in the scores were statistically significant, and we concluded that Yoga intervention can lead to significant overall improvement in mental health. The age group deriving the maximal benefit was 28-37 years. The improvement was more in males (18.3%) as compared to females (4.1%). Improvement in blood pressure was distinctly significant as compared to BMI and WHR. Yoga did not alter the normotensive blood pressure but it decreased the blood pressure in hypertensive group, therefore yoga has a tendency to keep blood pressure within normal range. Improvement in mental health score is significant in hypertensive group as compared to normotensive therefore reduction in blood pressure may also be secondary to reduction in stress.
Bevidst Medicine, Denmark
Time : 14:00-14:30
Mette Mouritsen has been working as MD for 25 years. The last 14 years she had a traditional public, medical clinic in general medicine, every day meeting frustrated people with symptoms, diseases and existential problems. She started to train Mindfulness in 2006 and this brought me further on to a 4 years psychotherapeutic study in integral psychotherapy, it brought her so much insight and valuable tools. A kind of a self-healing process, she started to facilitate groups with my clients after daily work. The primary “tool she used in the groups was mindfulness, to bring relaxation, calmness, and focus, and then she just kept an openhearted space in the room together with the other group members.Now her primary work is with people with stress, individual and in groups. Stress is a wonderful word, it opens doors to discover, whatever may trigger the stress reaction in the body-mind. She uses her knowledge as a doctor, mindfulness instructor and psychotherapist. It really brings the possibility to integrate the aspects of the body-mind and spirit.
This lecture in dialogue will remind you about the cause of the physical response to inner and outer stressors, and describe the stress reaction in the body-mind. Then you will be introduced to the benefits of mindfulness in initiating the relaxation response and strengthening awareness, and by this regaining the capability to focus with clarity. You will be introduced briefly to other methods to balance stress such as movement medicine and mindfulness in group sessions. The latter is a short cut, because in addition it may handle such difficult feelings as guilt and shame and give the possibility to train new acquired skills in a safe context. Then it may create a new network as a future engagement and support.
Houston Psychiatry Health Care, USA
Time : 15:00-15:30
Mariyah Hussain is working in Houston Psychiatry Health Care, USA. Her research interest is focuses on Psychiatric disorders aand common among medical inpatient settings and management of psychiatric disorders can be challenging in this setting. Integrated models of care (IMCs) combining psychiatric and medical specialties within a single service may improve psychiatric and medical outcomes, although evidence for IMCs in medical inpatient settings has not been well described.
Over the past two decades, opioid medication abuse among the U.S. population has expanded to a scourge extent. While the U.S. only accommodates 4% of the world's population, Americans consume 86% of the world's opioids, 99% of the worldwide hydrocodone supply, and 66% of the world's illegal drugs. Results of the 2010 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) showed that a predicted 22.6 million people aged 12 or older were current or past month illicit drug users. Nearly 7 million among these used marijuana and 5.1 million used painkillers. Only 17.3% of users of non‐therapeutic opioids indicated that they received the drugs through a prescription from a physician. The widely growing use of therapeutic opioids shows hydrocodone topping all prescriptions with 136.7 million prescriptions in 2011.with all narcotic analgesics reaching more than 238 million prescriptions. Opioid analgesics are now accountable for a higher mortality rate than suicide and motor vehicle accidents. The majority deaths (60%) occur in patients who received prescriptions based on prescribing guidelines by medical boards, whether small or higher doses of morphine. In comparison, 40% of deaths occur in individuals abusing the drugs obtained through illegal means. The objective of this article is to review the available evidence concerning misuse and differentiate a legitimate user from a drug‐seeking addict. We would also discuss various aspects of drug abuse in clinical practice, mainly dealing with these patients in Emergency and Psychiatric settings.
Avalon University School of Medicine, USA
Time : 14:30-15:00
Asif Khan is working in Avalon University School of Medicine, USA. His research focuses on Neuropsychiatric ramifications following traumatic brain injury. Avalon University's MD is a North American curriculum based medical program and its graduates are geared for a career in... For U.S. and Canadian medical licensure. Present his is working as undergraduate Supervisor university of Cambridge Department of Engineering United Kingdom Cambridge
Brain injury is one of the most common forms of injuries inflicted by trauma. The traumatic brain injury (TBI) is most common in three age groups namely children, older adolescents and elderly. In all the age groups, the males are predominantly affected more than females. TBI is the leading cause of disability and mortality among the children. There are two types of TBI, primary and secondary. Primary TBI occurs as a direct result of the trauma while secondary TBI manifests as a complication of the primary injury that resulted from trauma. The most common etiological factors for TBI are falls, road traffic accidents (RTAs), violent physical assaults as well as injuries associated with athletic activities. The presentation of TBI may range from mild TBI, in the form of concussion, to severe TBI, which may be associated with loss of consciousness for an extended period of time as well as irreversible neuronal injury. The irreversible neuronal injury results in permanent physical or mental disability. TBI lead to increased burden on health care due to increased emergency department visits, increased hospital admissions, and increased mortality rates. TBI also may lead to many complications. Most common short-term complications are problems with cognition, sensory processing, Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), seizures as well as cranial nerve injuries. While the long-term complications can be Alzheimer’s disease, seizures and dementia. TBI may also be associated with psychiatric disorders e.g. anxiety, depression, PTSD and affective disorders. This paper will further review the neuropsychiatric symptoms as it could serve a huge role in developing better understanding of patient experiences regarding its symptoms and presentation. Similarly, it will also provide important evidence to clinicians for development of better practices in this area.